Species Highlight “Atelopus” with pictures

Here is a combined species highlight & Types with pictures for the Atelopus species on this lovely friday afternoon.

Found:

This species occurs in the Amazonian lowlands of Columbia, Ecuador and Peru.  These toads are typically found in leaf litter near streams which allow for a slightly drier more airflow area.

atelopusBehavior:

These frogs can be found in the leaf litter scampering around.  Females Atelopus’ follow a pattern where they live away from water until they are ready to breed.  They will then travel to the water to breed.  This causes a very high male ratio of about 25-30 males to 1 female.

Size:

Size around 1”

Temperature & Humidity:

These toads prefer slightly lower humidity than most darts.  They also don’t like stagnant air.  They also like some basking areas on rocks.

Feeding:

Atelopus loves ants, but will also feed on other small arthropods.

Breeding:

This species is hard to find a female, otherwise they seem to breed rather easily.  Males will call to defend territories and it may escalate to wresting to establish dominance.

Threats:

According to the IUCN Red List, the Atelopus are a vunerable species.  Their major threats are forest loss due to agriculture, logging and clear cutting.  This species is listed as vunerable due to the projected population decline, estimated at 30% over the next 10 years.

atelopus

Three varieties of Atelopus

16951847677_a13b86772f_b

Photo Credit – © Margot Douady

Atelopus Barbotini

Photo Credit – © Tom Friedel

Atelopus Spurrelli

14265073485_38d12cde93_bAtelopus Hoogmoedi

Photo Credit – © Jan Ranson

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