Species Highlight “Bombina toads” with pictures

Here is a species highlight with pictures for the Bombina toads!  There are 3 main types of Bombina toads.

 Bombina bombina – European Fire-belly Toad

 

Bombina_bombina_1_(Marek_Szczepanek)

Photo taken by Marek Szczepanek.  Photo is from the Wikimedia Commons and may be re-used per the Creative Commons license.  Please see the original photo here.  Cover photo was modified to include text.

Bombina orientalis – Oriental Fire-belly Toad

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Photo taken by Sarah Brammer.  Please check out her instagram account here for more fun photos.

 

Bombina variegata – Yellow-belly Toad

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Photo taken by Nature & Travel photographer, Birger Meierjohann.  Please check out his instagram account here for more AWESOME photos.

 

Found:

European Fire-Belly toad is found throughout the central balkans eastward in a wide belt across central and eastern Asia.  It is hard to see on this map, however there is a small area in London these frogs have been introduced.

bombina

Oriental Fire-belly toad is found in ponds and streams throughout southern china, thailand, korea and other SE asian countries.  These frogs have been introduced near Beijing.

orientalis

Yellow-bellied toad is found in western Europe.  There are 2 small areas in the south of France which these frogs are now extinct.

variegata

Behavior:

These frogs are active throughout the day and can be found in small, shallow lakes and ponds, but they also inhabit open landscapes using drainage channels as pathways.

 

Size:

These frogs should range from 1.5″ to 2.5″ in size.

 

Temperature & Humidity:

Bombinas do best when kept between 64-75 degrees F.  Heat stress can happen when temperatures near 80 degrees F.  No external heat source is necessary indoors.  However, ultraviolet B lighting has been found to be beneficial and aids in calcium metabolism.  Humidity is less of an issue due to their tank set-up and can be as low as 30%.

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Photo taken by Katillac Kat De Ville.  Please check out her instagram account here for more cool photos.

 

Tank Set-up:

Tank should be comprised of half land and half water to provide the perfect environment for fire bellied toads.

bombaqua

Photo by Marc Staniszewski.  See http://www.amphibian.co.uk/bombina.html for more information.

 

Feeding:

Fire bellied toads are insectivorous and will need to be offered a variety of insects to stay healthy.  Many keepers offer flies, crickets or mealworms dusted with Calcium powder along with a carotenoid rich supplement (to maintain color).  Fire bellied toads have been known to eat small guppies if they are available.

 

Breeding:

Temperature fluctuations helps greatly with encouraging breeding.  When the temperatures start to warm up, frequent water changes and heavy feeding will signal that it is time to breed as it imitates spring.  Females can produce 30-100 eggs overnight and can produce new eggs every two to three weeks.  Tadpoles will emerge within 3-10 days and take 5-6 months to metamorphosis.

 

Threats:

According to the ICUN red list, all 3 species are listed as least concern.  The major threats are habitat loss and degradation.  In Russia, collection of the Bombina orientalis may be a factor due to traditional Chinese medicine.  It is also noted that some of these frogs may be used by fisherman as bait in certain regions.

least concern

Here are some more photos because they are so cute!

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Photo taken by Keshia.  Please check out her instagram account here for more cool photos.

 

Bombina_bombina_2_(Marek_Szczepanek)

Photo taken by Marek Szczepanek.  Photo is from the Wikimedia Commons and may be re-used per the Creative Commons license.  Please see the original photo here.

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Photo taken by Lexi.  Definitely check out her instagram account here for more nice photos.  She has recently been featuring some very nice photos of her collection which I am in love with!

Sources:

http://www.amphibian.co.uk/bombina.html

http://a-z-animals.com/animals/fire-bellied-toad/

http://www.reptilesmagazine.com/Frogs-Amphibians/The-Fire-Bellied-Toad/

http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Bombina_orientalis/

 

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If you missed them:

Types of Leucs with pictures

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